Malicious software, more widely known as malware, is a type of computer software that is specifically designed to hijack a computer system through disruption and unauthorized access to information. It is a program that is composed of a series of codes and scripts that is aimed at unsuspecting computer users.
The nature of malware is such that it aims to disrupt and exploit computer and internet users. Malware is usually transferred into an individual’s computer through emails or through different websites on the internet. Malware includes a wide range of computer contaminant software, including the following;
- Trojan horses
- Dishonest adware
All of the above-mentioned types of software and programs are designed with the intention to gather private information of users and cause disruption. Initially starting as experiments and pranks, computer viruses have become increasingly common as internet users are unaware of their existence in their computer.
Malware often tends to cause no harm however, in the event that it is specifically planted into a computer; it is able to cause serious damage and loss of confidential data. Most websites infect computers through their force-advertising pop-up ads, which jump onto an individual’s computer screen when they visit unsafe websites.
Individuals and companies are advised to invest in anti-virus and anti-spyware software in order to prevent data loss and enhance protection of information. By doing so, they reduce the risk of being a victim of malicious and damaging software that can inhabit their computer system.